Cyber Crime Review
Cyber Crime Review

November 2022
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6th Circuit affirms conviction under Sarbanes-Oxley for erasing Internet tracks

Cyber CrimesCyber Crimes

In United States v. Kernell, the Sixth Circuit held that by deleting evidence of defendant’s hacking activities, he violated 18 U.S.C. § 1519 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. 667 F.3d 746 (6th Cir. 2012). The defendant used the forgotten password feature to obtain access to then-Governor Sarah Palin’s personal e-mail account. Kernell was charged with, among other counts, violating § 1519, and he appealed that conviction.

After Kernell obtained access to the account, he publicly posted the login information to 4chan. Soon thereafter, he took several steps to cover his tracks, including deleting his temporary internet files, removing his browser, and defragmenting his hard drive. The FBI claimed these acts violated § 1519 which reads:

Whoever knowingly alters, destroys, mutilates, conceals … with the intent to impede, obstruct, or influence the investigation … of any department or agency of the United States … shall be fined [or imprisoned].

The issue was whether Kernell was aware of the investigation and knew he had a duty to keep the records. The Sixth Circuit found that Kernell’s acts were “done in contemplation of an investigation that might occur.” Further, he had even publicly acknowledged the possibility of such an investigation. “[Kernell] deleted the information on his computer out of a fear that the FBI would find it, plainly showing that he took his actions with the intent to hinder an investigation.”

Courts have applied § 1519 in other cybercrime cases:

The distinction with these cases is that they specifically knew an investigation was in progress. Kernell, on the other hand, only suspected that a federal investigation would soon begin.
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